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World War 1Around 1914, Logan travels into more populated areas of Canada, eventually joining the Army. Canada's armed forces become involved in World War 1. While fighting in Belgium on April 22, 1915, Logan has his first encounter with a being called Lazaer. Lazaer is an anagram of Azrael the Angel of Death. They soon begin to fight one another, with Lazaer initially gaining the upper hand. After being impaled with Lazaer's sword, Logan pulls it from his chest and stabs it through the chest of his surprised opponent. Defeating Lazaer gave Logan the chance to fight him again should he ever die, allowing him to return to life. Logan's abilities quickly call him to the attention of the authorities, and he is assigned to a special unit of the Canadian military known as the Devil's Brigade. Logan's commanding officer is a superhumanly strong man known as Silas Burr, who will one day become the mercenary Cyber. In this new life, Logan again begins to find love. Cyber murders Logan's girlfriend; when confronted
, Cyber brutally beats Logan and gouges out one of his eyes. Afterwards, at Romulus's bidding Cyber and Sabretooth track him down. They find a feral Logan in the woods and convince him to return. He does so and is sent overseas to Madripoor.
In Madripoor Logan meets a woman known only as Seraph, proprietor of the Princess Bar. Seraph, unimpressed with Logan's attitude, takes him under her wing. Logan makes many other friends on Madripoor, most notably the prostitute Madame Joy, and will eventually become part-owner of the Princess Bar. Logan learns that Seraph has appointed herself the guardian of Madripoor against the Hand, an ancient order of mystic assassins. Logan travels for an indeterminate number of years. In China, Logan meets Chang, a Chinese businessman with whom he shares undisclosed adventures. Although Logan does not realize it at the time, Chang is an employee of the agency known as Landau, Luckman, and Lake, with which Logan will become very familiar in later years. Logan first meets Mystique in Mexico in 1921, where they are both to be executed by firing squad. They escape and stick together forming a gang of con men and petty criminals. Their business relationship develops into friendship, love, and ultimately, betrayal, when Logan informs the police of their plan to rob a bank.
World War 2
Wolverine also sees action in the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s while fighting fascist troops along with good friend Puck. In 1936, Wolverine works alongside time-traveling Kitty Pryde and Rachel Summers to fight Nazi villains Baron Strucker and Geist, who have allied themselves with the Shadow King to dethrone King Edward VIII and replace him with a fascist heir. Around 1937 In Shanghai, Logan first makes the acquaintance of Ogun, a Japanese samurai and sorcerer, when Logan prevents soldiers under Ogun from assaulting a Chinese mystic and his young westerner pupil, noting that "you don't make war on old men and children." Ogun, at this time a Captain in the Japanese Imperial Army, is impressed by Logan and offers to instruct him in martial arts in Japan. Logan declines, determined to avoid responsibility after his disastrous stint with the Devil's Brigade, claiming that he has "places to see and things to do."
With the outbreak of World War II, Logan returns to Madripoor, where he aids Seraph against the Hand. During the summer of 1941, Logan and Seraph work in cooperation with the American adventurer Captain America in Madripoor. Captain America was working in Madripoor to stop the Hand and the Nazi Baron Strucker from aiding the Axis forces in nearby Japan. The meeting was not a coincidence. Arranged by the Shadow Organization for which Logan was working, Logan initially had three goals in meeting Captain America. The first was to see if he could be "turned." The second was to see if the process that made Captain America could be reproduced. The third was to kill him, which didn't sit well with Logan. Logan and Captain America fight against the Hand and Baron Strucker. Captain America offered Logan the chance to join him as his sidekick, which Logan refuses. Soon afterwards, Seraph is attacked by Sabretooth, under the orders of Romulus. In 1942, Logan is ordered to travel to occupied France to take Captain America up on his offer. Captain America already has a partner. Needless to say, Bucky, Captain America's current sidekick, isn't exactly thrilled to find out that he wasn't Captain America's first choice.Joined by Nick Fury, Logan and Captain America team up to battle the emerging menace cryptically referred to as HYDRA and assault Baron Von Strucker's stronghold. Logan's true mission is revealed as he aids in Strucker's escape. Eventually, Logan returns to Canada and again enlists in the Armed Forces. Achieving the rank of Corporal, he is sent to Greece where he teaches resistance fighters the use of explosives and the Fairbourne dagger. Later, Logan is captured and spends time in a German concentration camp, where he slowly drives his Nazi captors insane before finally escaping. By June 6, 1944, Corporal Logan is a member of the First Canadian Parachute Battalion at Ranville, Normandy, where he and other Canadian soldiers parachute behind enemy lines from a burning C-47. Among the Nazi soldiers that Logan encounters on this mission is Bloodscream, an immortal being with vampire-like qualities and powers. After the Normandy Invasion in 1945, Logan unwittingly participates in another landmark of World War II when he is captured by Japanese soldiers while performing sabotage missions in Japan. He escapes from his prison camp, along with a captured American soldier, and finds refuge and love in a local Japanese girl. Unfortunately the American soldier, a mutant himself, returns and murders the girl. The two men fight until both are caught in the atomic blast that destroys much of the city. Logan survives, but is devastated to lose another woman in his life.
Following World War II, Logan resigns from the military. Remembering Ogun's offer, he remains in post-war Japan and begins his instruction in the martial arts. Wolverine soon develops a deep and lasting love for Japan. After his training with Ogun, Logan travels to the village of Bando Saburo in order to learn how to be a man. There, he meets and falls in love with a local woman named Itsu. They are married and conceive a child together. The demon sword smith Muramasa creates an explosion that causes Logan to accidentally stab a villager with his claws. Logan is banned from the village, but before he leaves, Logan finds Itsu murdered. Logan gives himself to Muramasa, thinking the villagers are responsible for the murder of Itsu. Muramasa vows to build a sword capable of killing even Logan himself. Logan is later rescued by the Winter Soldier and taken to Madripoor. Logan returns to his earlier, carefree attitude and enters freelance intelligence work. Hoping to earn "some quick and easy bucks," "see the world," and "make a name for himself," he begins operating mostly out of Ottawa and Calgary. Logan establishes a base of freelance clients that includes a number of government operations, including Landau, Luckman, and Lake, the Canadian Intelligence and the American CIA for which Logan will also later work full-time. During this period, Logan spends a year in Brazil, where he works as a bouncer at the Devil's Grill, owned by Antonio Vargas. In Brazil, Logan continues his freelance activities, keeping his bar employment as a cover. Logan becomes involved in the Vietnam War. While posing as a Russian intelligence liaison, he tortures soldier Frank Simpson, who has been captured by the Viet Cong. Shattering Frank's mind, Logan is instrumental in the turning him into the unbalanced super-soldier: Nuke. Logan is recruited for Team X, a multi-national covert-ops squad overseen by the Black Ops Special Services Section of the CIA.
Team XThe Team X Project, also known as the Weapon X Program for which Logan gained a notorious namesake, also employed a number of super-agents for various missions. During this time, he was given false memory implants in order to better control him by Team X's ally, Psi-Borg, which involved bonding such implants to actual memories of severe trauma. The implants make Logan unaware of his mutant nature while with Team X, despite his many unusual feats of resilience and regeneration. Other members of Team X include Sabretooth, Deadpool, Silver Fox, Kestrel, Maverick (later known as Agent Zero), and Mastodon. Mystique, under the name of Leni Zauber, also assists Team X on occasion. Due to having his memories tampered with, Wolverine doesn't recall his memories of Sabretooth, Silver Fox, or many of the events that have shaped his life. The scientists of the Team X Project recognize Logan's unique age suppression factor and, without his knowledge, isolate it and implant it within other agents. Another aspect of the Team X Project is the Shiva Scenario, a contingency in which heavily armored robots will be employed to terminate the agents as necessary; this scenario is evaluated by scientists Dr. Alexander Ryking, Dr. Kurt Marko, and Dr. Brian Xavier. Sons of the first two men, Hazard and the Juggernaut, will later be numbered among Logan's enemies, while the son of the third, Professor X, will prove to be one of his closest friends and advisors. Team X are operational in Cuba when Silver Fox betrays them to Cuban soldiers. Fox's treason may be due to a deviation in her memories of the attack by Sabretooth, leading her to recall the full extent of the attack and to erroneously believe that Logan abandoned her. This may be an extreme reaction to the Team X memory implants, perhaps due to an interaction with the unknown procedure which arrested her aging. In 1968, Logan, with Sabretooth as backup, returns to the USSR when he is dispatched to Tyuratam to sabotage a moon voyage by assassinating the Soviet super-agent Epsilon Red. The mission is called off before Logan can do so, but Sabretooth murders Epsilon Red's wife on a whim. Logan will meet Epsilon Red again years later. It is also during this period that Logan, Sabretooth, and Maverick are sent on a joint NATO operation to recover a foreign national in East Germany. After a mission Logan was being taken to the device that would brainwash him, he fought back, killing one of the scientists with a blow to the throat. He threatened the other scientist, popping his claws accidentally. Seeing his claws made him remember everything that Team X had taken from him. He asked the scientist who gave the orders and the scientist said he didn't know. Wolverine, smelling that the scientist wasn't lying, ordered him to tell him what he did know. The scientist reveals that he is contacted via telephone every time Wolverine needs to be mind-wiped. When he completes his task, he tells Wolverine that Wolverine barely made it out alive from whatever mission Wolverine was on, and then gives him a dossier detailing his next mission. Wolverine asks for the dossier he would normally be given. Wolverine tells the scientist to tell whoever was in charge that the brainwashing was successful, and then leaves, intending to participate in this next mission. The mission would be the last of Team X's missions. Wolverine is dispatched to East Germany with Sabretooth, Maverick, and John Wraith to sabotage a Soviet super-soldier program in Berlin, steal an item called the carbonadium synthesizer and extract a double agent named Janice. Team X fights another super-agent, Omega Red. During their efforts to escape, Sabretooth realized that Wolverine had broken his programming and regained control of himself. Sabretooth murders Janice to show Logan that whenever Wolverine wasn't kept on a tight leash, innocents, most often the women he loves, inevitably die. In the aftermath of the escape, Wolverine finally realizes that he is a mutant with enhanced healing abilities and other superhuman powers. Disturbed by this revelation and unwilling to continue working with the murderous Sabretooth, Logan resigns from Team X. Team X itself disbands shortly there after.
Department KHaving resigned from Team X but unsure of how to deal with the knowledge that he is a mutant, Logan goes to work for an unnamed branch of the Canadian Defence Ministry, an agency "so secret that not even the Prime Minister knows of its existence" and for which he will work for years; this may be Department K, a special weapons branch of the Canadian government which will at least later be linked to the Weapon X Program. Operating out of Ottawa, he is partnered with Neil Langram. As a part of this agency, Logan, eventually reaching the rank of commander, is equipped with false I.D. cards from a wide variety of intelligence agencies, including the Federal Air Marshalls, the KGB, the CIA, the GRU, MI-5, Shin Beth, and the UN Peace-Keeping Force; it may also be during this period that Logan acquires a (presumably) false I.D. as "Jim Logan, Detective" with the Nassau, NY, Police Department, an I.D. which he maintains in recent times. Emerging from Team X's ultra-covert activities. Logan drives a Lotus-Seven and, despite a personal dislike of guns, carries a Colt 1911A1. On at least one occasion, Logan also works with Richard and Mary Parker, married government agents who have a son, Peter, who will eventually become the noted super-hero Spider-Man, whom Logan will encounter on many occasions. At some point during this period Logan first meets Carol Danvers, a young American operative, who, although still in her teens, serves in a branch of American intelligence, possibly Air Force Intelligence; inexperienced when she and Logan first meet in the field, she quickly becomes an expert agent, working with both Logan and his partner Langram on a number of occasions, and Logan will count her as one of his closest friends for the rest of his life. Logan becomes obsessed with his own mutant nature, which he comes to realize has played a far more important role in his past successes than he had previously believed; disillusioned with himself he turns to drugs and alcohol, perhaps in an effort to test the extent of his healing factor. Ultimately, Logan is dismissed from the unnamed agency for accidentally shooting a fellow agent at the firing range. Disgusted, Logan "ties some loose ends" in his civilian life and prepares to travel to the Yukon in an effort to "get away...from...what's coming". On the specific instructions of Romulus, Logan is kidnapped by agents of the Weapon X Program, the tenth installment of the Weapon Plus Project.
Logan's bones, including his claws are bonded with the indestructible metal known as adamantium, making them unbreakable; they will retain this status for many years. This adamantium bonding process was apparently stolen by the Weapon X Program from the Japanese scientist known as Lord Dark Wind (the father of Lady Deathstrike). At this time the Weapon X Program is supposedly a joint U.S./Canadian operation, evidence indicates that it is being manipulated by Romulus. Logan proves too difficult for the Weapon X Program to control and shortly thereafter, Wolverine escapes the facility with the help of Winter Soldier, killing nearly everyone except for the Professor, Dr Cornelius, Caroline Hines, and Malcolm Colcord. Driven into a feral-like state by the experiment, Logan wanders the forests of the Canadian Rockies for months. It is during this feral period that he first encounters the Hunter in Darkness. On occasion, Logan's human personality surfaces to the extent that, years later, he is able to recall pleasant experiences in these woods. Years after this experience, Logan's memories of much of his past will remain clouded as a result of the Weapon X experiment, and it is possible that he received additional false memories during the procedure as well. As for the Weapon X Program, at least some of its resources are apparently absorbed into Canada's Department H, whose head, James Hudson, also comes into possession of notes on Lord Dark Wind's bonding process; others are apparently absorbed by Department K, but the precise interconnections of Canada's various superhuman-related agencies remain unclear to this day. In later years, the Program will also be revived by the American government under the supervision of a man known only as the Director Malcolm Colcord, a survivor of Logan's rampage at the Weapon X facility. Wandering the woods, Logan is eventually discovered by James and Heather Hudson, a young couple honeymooning in the Rockies, who return him to Canadian society and are instrumental in his eventual recovery. Some months prior to this, Hudson, at the assignment of the Prime Minister himself, was appointed head of Department H, a special superhuman resources project of the Canadian Ministry of Defence, whose facilities Logan broke into mere months ago and which will, ironically, be at least partially combined with the Weapon X Program within months more; however, despite speculation to the contrary, Hudson played no direct role in Logan's experiment.
James and Heather help Logan recover his humanity. Following his recovery, Logan, this time under the supervision of Department H, once again works for Canadian Intelligence. At this time, Department H is conducting research in several fields of superhuman study but as yet has no clear direction, and Logan is one of Hudson's first recruits for the operation. As Logan slowly recovers from his ordeal, he lives with the Hudsons for some time, and he is present when Heather Hudson's parents, objecting to their daughter's elopement, confront her at the Hudson residence; Logan is also present when the Hudson's renew their vows in a Catholic ceremony months after their first, less formal marriage, an event which is temporarily delayed when a Cosmic Ray Collector developed by Department H overloads. In the course of this disaster, the retired super-hero called Chinook is horribly mutated and driven mad by the cosmic rays; Logan and Hudson, the latter using a prototype of the battle suit he will later wear as Guardian, halt Chinook's rampage, apparently at the cost of his life. Early during this period, Logan, seeking more information on the experiment to which he was subjected, travels to the US, where he consults adamantium expert Dr. Myron MacLain; Logan is flown on this occasion by pilot Ben Grimm, who will later be transformed by cosmic rays into the superhuman powerhouse known as the Thing. Following a consultation with MacLain, Logan is targeted both by Sabretooth, although whether on behalf of the Hellfire Club or other parties is unclear, and by HYDRA, under the command of Silver Fox; he is aided against his assailants by several former allies: CIA agent Nick Fury; Carol Danvers, working alongside Fury with the CIA on this occasion. Logan goes to work, where he is given "dirty, brutal, necessary assignments no one else would touch". In this new phase of his life as an agent of the Canadian government, Logan serves primarily in Siberia and the Western Pacific, notably the Pacific Rim of Asia and the islands along that coast, including his old stomping grounds of Japan. Having already attained the ranks of Major and Commander in other agencies, Logan eventually attains the rank of Captain in the Canadian Armed Forces during this period. One of Logan's first missions him to Iraq, where Iraqi militants, supported by mercenaries, have taken over an American embassy; Canadian citizens—including a Canadian nun—are among the hostages, and the Canadian government sends Logan to support Delta Force, a special team of US government operatives. Logan assists in re-taking the embassy, killing at least one of the Iraqis. The nun, who had been violently abused by one of the mercenaries, Bruno Malone, dies shortly afterward; before dying, she asks Logan to avenge her sufferings. Logan is prepared to act upon this vow of vengeance immediately, but apparently his new responsibilities as an agent of Department H prevent him from doing so, since he will later claim that he "got...busy" immediately following the Iraqi mission. Logan does not forget his vow, however, and he will fulfill it years later, after he has assumed the costumed identity of Wolverine. As part of another early mission for Department H, the full extent of which has yet to be revealed, Logan joins forces with Ben Grimm and Carol Danvers on a special mission into Russian territory, under the orders of Colonel Nick Fury and with information provided by industrialist Tony Stark, who, like Grimm, will within a few years begin a career in super-heroics, in his case as the armored hero known as Iron Man; on this occasion, for reasons which remain unclear, Fury deliberately pretends to have no previous experience with Logan, and Danvers continues to demonstrate no recollection of her own work with him. In the course of this mission, Logan refrains from using his adamantium claws, although whether this is due to inexperience, subterfuge, or simple whim is uncertain. Still suffering from memory loss and recurring berserker rages, Logan goes through a period of adjustment to his new role and condition, and it may be during this period that he incurs several debts to fellow Canadian Intelligence agent Jack Oonuk, who possibly covers for him with the authorities. On one mission for the Canadian government, Logan spends four months in Hong Kong, a place that he has presumably visited often in the past, where he finds himself in conflict with the organized crime unit known as the Triads; he also encounters the noted assassin McLeish, known as the White Ghost, whom he will meet again years later. It may also be during this period that Logan first meets a woman named Linn Chow, to whose aid he will go in later years. Three years into Hudson's directorship of Department H, over two years after Logan was found by the Hudson's, the Fantastic Four, the first verified public team of super-heroes in several years, debuts to worldwide acclaim. Inspired by this, Hudson elects to orient Department H toward the formation of a government-sponsored Canadian super-team that will operate in the public eye; Logan is Hudson's first recruit, and Hudson in fact nominates him for the eventual leadership of this team, which, in its early stages of development, is known as "the Flight." In preparation for his career as a publicly-known super-hero, Logan is outfitted with a distinctive yellow-and-blue costume.
Logan, contemplating the wisdom of this new career, returns to Madripoor, the site of some of his earliest heroic activities, for what may be the first time since his freelance years and spends some months there, where he is reunited with his old friend Seraph. Seraph introduces Logan to another pupil of hers, Viper, who is, as Logan once was, a freelance espionage agent, although, presumably unknown to the others, Viper's activities are usually terrorist in nature, and, by coincidence, among her clientele is HYDRA, in whose ranks she will eventually rise high. Like Logan and Seraph, Viper, born prior to World War II, ages very slowly; in Viper's case, this is due to a pact she made with the Elder God known as Chthon decades ago, during her youth in war-torn Europe. During this time, Logan and Viper assist Seraph in her ongoing activities against the Hand, and this appears to be the earliest instance in which Logan wears his yellow-and-blue costume in battle; on one occasion, Seraph and Viper risk their lives to rescue Logan from Sabretooth, who may have been working with the Hand at this time. It is possible that Seraph is in fact slain during these events, but this is as yet unclear. This incident marks Logan's last visit to Madripoor until recent years. Moved by Seraph's example of heroism, Logan returns to Canada, agreeing to work with the Flight and eventually become its leader, although he continues to divide his time between Canada-based Flight training and espionage missions abroad; to mark this transition in his life, he renews the use of the alias "Wolverine" from his earlier activities. As for Viper, she and Logan will periodically clash after he has joined the X-Men.
Still active in Canada at this point as an agent of Canadian Special Services, Logan is partnered with Colonel Rick Stoner of the CIA to retrieve a prototype of Hudson's original Guardian armor, stolen from the US/Canadian research facility Am/Can by HYDRA; although Hudson used a reconstruction of this prototype in his earlier adventure against Chinook and will later use a far more advanced model, presumably this earlier model remained in Am/Can's custody due to legal technicalities. On this occasion, Logan, apparently in order to distance his espionage efforts from his role as super-hero, does not wear his costume into battle and refrains from using his claws, instead relying on a large dagger in battle, much as he did during World War II. Shortly after this, Stoner is recruited as head of the newly formed international espionage agency known as SHIELD; some months later, Stoner suffers fatal wounds in a battle with HYDRA, and the SHIELD directorship falls to Logan's old ally Nick Fury. Under pressure to produce additional super-agents, Hudson subjects a convicted murderer, offered amnesty, to an experimental process designed to manifest any latent superhuman powers. Logan is leery of the idea, and he warns Hudson that the convict, who will later become known as Bedlam, may prove uncontrollable; he will be proven right some years later. Disturbed by Hudson's revelation, Logan elects to return to his intelligence operations, although he will remain on call for the Flight as necessary; over the next few months, Hudson, having placed his experiments with Bedlam temporarily on hold, recruits nearly a half-dozen other super humans as potential Flight members, whom Logan trains in combat at select intervals. While dividing his time between the Flight and espionage, Logan shares few details of the latter work with the Hudson's; it is only years after this period that Heather Hudson even learns that Logan speaks Japanese. As an operative of the Canadian Secret Service, Logan cooperates with intelligence agents from many other nations. Foremost among these is his old friend Carol Danvers, still with USAF Intelligence; Logan works frequently with both Danvers and her partner in USAFI, Michael Rossi, on "some pretty hairy capers," some of them in Saigon, Vietnam, and Tokyo, Japan, where Danvers teaches Logan how to play poker. At some point during these years, Logan and Danvers become romantically involved. When working with Logan, Danvers uses the codename "Ace," while Logan resurrects his former alias of "Patch." On occasion, Danvers also calls Logan by the affectionate nickname of "Wildboy". At some point during these years, while stationed in Canada with the Flight, Logan has an affair with fellow member Narya, the half-goddess known as Snowbird. Unlike Logan, who is far older than he looks, Narya, although an adult in appearance, is chronologically and emotionally a child, far younger than she looks; the relationship ends badly. Among the other Flight trainees with whom Logan periodically works is Gamma Flight's Wild Child, a young man who was mutated by the Secret Empire using DNA from the superhuman mercenary Wyre, whom Logan had encountered at some point in the past. Logan, recognizing an inherent berserker nature similar to his own, advises against Wild Child's inclusion in the super-hero program, but Wild Child will remain until the program's cessation and, eventually, master his rages to join one of the various incarnations of Alpha Flight. Logan himself will recruit a future Alpha Flight member during these years: Jeanne-Marie Beaubier, later known as Aurora. Few other details of Logan's activities with Alpha Flight are known; he apparently spends most of these years abroad on various intelligence assignments, returning to Canada and Department H only on occasion. Despite Department H's secrecy, Logan maintains some contacts outside the organization, including a young RCMP named Lightfoot; at times Logan joins Lightfoot on hunting expeditions, although it is known that Logan refuses to kill for sport, preferring to track game in order to hone his skills only. While tracking a terrorist assassin from Canada to Australia, Logan meets David Nanjiwarra of ASIO, an Australian intelligence agency. When the two are stranded together in the Australian outback, Nanjiwarra helps Logan to survive long enough to reach civilization. Logan learns that Nanjiwarra, a descendant of native Australians, is disenchanted with ASIO work due to Australian prejudice, and Logan recommends that he seek work with SHIELD, which at this time is still in the process of organization. At some point during these years, in Vladivostok, USSR, Logan again encounters Nick Fury; soon afterward, Fury is appointed to the directorship of SHIELD, and the two will not meet again for years. Logan himself apparently works directly with SHIELD on a few occasions during his Department H career; he is issued SHIELD identification for a time, although he is apparently never officially inducted into the organization, and, years later, he will have some familiarity with the layout of the SHIELD Orbital Platform after it has fallen into the possession of the anti-mutant Project Armageddon. At some point during his intelligence operations abroad, Logan encounters Wade Wilson, the mercenary known as Deadpool; like Logan, Deadpool is a product of the Weapon X Program, apparently during its Department K incarnation, possessing a healing factor that was apparently derived from Logan's own. It is possible that Logan had previously encountered Wilson prior to the mercenary's assumption of a costumed identity, but this cannot be confirmed; Logan will later characterize his dealings with Deadpool as a part of his life that he would prefer "never sees the light of day." It may also be during this period that Logan encounters the centuries-old occult mercenary known as Terror, Inc. Logan dislikes dealing with him, perhaps seeing in Terror's cynicism a reflection of what he himself might become later in his long life. On an unspecified mission in the Soviet Union, Carol Danvers is captured by the KGB and sentenced to Lubyanka Prison in the USSR. Logan, Michael Rossi, and possibly others disobey direct orders and break into Lubyanka to free her. During the mission, Rossi is apparently slain, and the other members of the team abandon the effort, leaving Logan to smuggle Danvers out of the USSR alone, despite her insistence that he abandon her to save himself. Following these events, Danvers, despite her youth, is recruited as Security Chief for Cape Canaveral, becoming, in her twenties, the youngest person ever to hold the position; it is in this role that she will meet the Kree warrior known as Captain Marvel, whose involvement with her will change her life dramatically. She and Logan will not meet again for years. As for Rossi, he is later learned to have survived, although, as far as is known, Danvers is never informed of this; whether or not Logan is aware of it is unclear. Rossi will eventually work in cooperation with Professor Charles Xavier, a man who will play an important role in Logan's own life. With his friend and lover out of the intelligence field, Logan has less reason to remain in it himself, and it may be at this point that he decides to accommodate Hudson and quit field work altogether, to assume full-time leadership of Alpha Flight. As Alpha Flight's preparations for public activity continue, Logan, still considering the life of a full-time super-hero, seeks the advice of his long-time sensei Ogun in Japan. Logan is shocked to learn that Ogun, who has taught him so much about honor and moral codes over the years, has given himself over to the darker forces of the Ninjitsu magic he practices, becoming an assassin and evil magician and ultimately intending to psionically enslave Logan to his will, a fate that Ogun will later force upon Logan's fellow X-Man Shadowcat. Deeply disturbed by this meeting, Logan vows to never return to Japan, and he and Ogun will not meet again for years. Logan returns to Canada and, symbolizing his break with his former mentor, discards the bladed weapons he has used on occasion; accepting his fate, he exclusively uses his adamantium claws from now on. Logan will not wield a sword again for years. Eager to avoid thoughts of his confrontation with Ogun, Logan prepares to make his debut as a Canada-based publicly known super-agent and is dispatched to disrupt terrorist activities in Ontario; however, James Hudson informs him that the "assignment," Logan's first public Canada-based mission since the Flight battled Egghead's forces years earlier, is actually a test developed by Department H to observe Logan's reactions in battle. During the course of this test, Logan is teleported to the New Mexico headquarters of the mutated genius known as the Leader, as are the Greek demigod Hercules and the Deviant Karkas, all of whom the Leader intends to use to capture the American mutate known as the Hulk. Logan escapes the Leader's restraints and frees his fellow captives, although the Leader flees from the debacle. Upon his return to Canada, Logan assists James Hudson in containing Bedlam, who has resisted all efforts to control him and is finally placed in a state of suspended animation. Logan draws no satisfaction from being proven correct about Bedlam; his disillusionment with Hudson over this incident leads him to question the wisdom of continuing to work for Department H in any capacity. Moreover, Logan begins to realize that he has developed an unacknowledged attraction to Heather Hudson, an inappropriate feeling that further complicates his current situation. These issues, among others, will play a role in Logan's ultimate decision to resign from Department H. The Hulk himself arrives in Canada shortly before Logan's return; the Canadian military mobilizes to oppose the Hulk, but Logan requests to be given the opportunity first. In this genuine assignment, he is dispatched to stop the destruction caused by a brawl between the Hulk and the Wendigo. Despite his best efforts, Logan fails in this mission.
The American team of mutants, the X-Men, are captured by the sentient island Krakoa, and X-Men founder Charles Francis Xavier seeks out other mutants to aid him in their rescue. While most of these are younger mutants whom Xavier had previously been considering for X-Men membership, Logan, of whom Xavier has presumably learned through his own government contacts, is another potential recruit; neither Logan nor Xavier know that Xavier's father, Dr. Brian Xavier, played a role in the development of aspects of the Team X Project. Professor X approaches Wolverine to recruit him into a new team of X-Men, offering Wolverine the chance to join the team and become a hero. Disillusioned with his Canadian intelligence work and interested in resuming the free agent's life which he has not led for nearly thirty years, and intrigued by Xavier's offer, Logan resigns from Department H. It is revealed later in the comics that Logan was sent by Romulus to assassinate Professor Xavier, although Xavier predicted this attack. Xavier wipes Romulus's manipulations from Wolverine's mind. It is then that Romulus focused his attention on Wolverine's son Daken. Professor X gathers this new team of X-Men to free Cyclops' team from the mutant island known as Krakoa. Logan and the other new X-Men successfully rescue the previous team, marking the beginning of a new period in Logan's life. Although Logan quickly becomes more comfortable with the freelance nature of the X-Men's activities, he is slow in adjusting to the different standards by which his new team operates, and it will be several months before he even reveals his name to his fellow X-Men; to this day, few of them know much about his previous activities. Among the stronger attachments Logan forms is an immediate friendship with the young German mutant, Nightcrawler, who reminds Logan of Maverick, and a strong attraction to Jean Grey. Logan's Interpol acquaintance Sean Cassidy, now known as Banshee, is also among the new X-Men, although Cassidy apparently does not recognize Logan from his intelligence days for some time. Although Logan has been to New York City before, his membership in the X-Men marks the first time he has ever had occasion to spend much time there, and he spends weeks exploring the city. During one such venture, he encounters, when Sabretooth renews his habit of attacking Logan on the anniversary of Silver Fox's apparent death. As far as is known, the two will not meet again for years more, when Sabretooth, acting as a member of the Marauders, participates in the slaughter of the subterranean mutant community known as the Morlocks. Logan's career as an X-Man is the best documented period of his life to date. Early in Logan's tenure with the X-Men, Jean Grey, unknown to any of her teammates, is replaced by a cosmic entity called the Phoenix; the X-Men believe that Phoenix is in fact Jean and her powers were greatly enhanced, even Logan's heightened senses were fooled. It is during these early years of his career as an X-Man that Logan first travels to the Savage Land, a prehistoric jungle hidden deep in the Antarctic Circle; Logan takes an immediate liking to the place and will return there on a number of adventures. It is also during this time Logan, in the course of his adventures with the X-Men, returns to Japan for the first time since his break with Ogun, where he meets Mariko Yashida, heir to an extremely powerful Yakuza family in Tokyo. Logan and Mariko soon fall in love, and their relationship gives Logan an excuse to again visit the land that he has loved for so long. During an intimate scene in a garden Wolverine begins to tell Mariko his name but is interrupted by Mandroids and Moses Magnum. After the battle and before leaving Japan, he finally tells Mariko his name is "Logan" and presents her with a white chrysanthemum. It is the first time he reveals the name he calls himself. As time passes, he falls for Mariko, as Jean Grey is attached. James Hudson returns as the leader of Canada's first superhero team Alpha Flight. With his new team, he attempts to capture Wolverine. Not long after the X-Men defeat Alpha Flight, Jean Grey, possessed by Phoenix, dies. Cyclops leaves the team in grief, and Storm takes up the mantle of the X-Men's leader. Kitty Pryde joins the team and eventually becomes one of Wolverine's closest friends. Wolverine, donning his brown and tan outfit for the first time, travels to Canada with Nightcrawler in tow to make peace with Alpha Flight by helping them take down the Wendigo once more. Logan first meets the woman known as Yukio, a free-spirited adventurer who has much in common with Logan's earlier persona; Logan also briefly clashes with the Hand for the first known time since initially assuming the identity of Wolverine, although, perhaps initially mistrusting Yukio, he feigns an unfamiliarity with the organization. Despite an immediate attraction to Yukio, Logan becomes engaged to Mariko Yashida, although the marriage is called off because Yashida feels obliged to break her family's criminal ties before marrying Logan and by Viper and the Silver Samurai. While again visiting Japan not long afterward, in the aftermath of an adventure in space with the X-Men, Logan, assisting in rescue operations when Japan is attacked by an alien dragon who accompanied the X-Men from space, Wolverine rescues and takes it upon himself to watch over Amiko, daughter of a woman killed in the aftermath of a fight between the X-Men and a giant dragon over Tokyo. In subsequent stories Logan continues to visit Amiko, although she is now under the care of his close friend Yukio. Wolverine later travels with Kitty Pryde to Japan to confront his former mentor Ogun, who had been killed years earlier. Ogun possesses Kitty and makes her his assassin, but Logan helps her overcome him and force him from her body. During a savage battle with Ogun, Wolverine realizes that his feral side will always be there and that it is something that he must always fight to keep under control. Wolverine is forced to kill Ogun. Afterwards, Logan and Kitty become very close friends, and she becomes like a daughter to him. When Storm's powers are lost and she leaves the X-Men for a time, Wolverine briefly becomes leader of the X-Men.His team consists of Havok, Colossus, Rogue, Psylocke, Dazzler, and Longshot. This team is mainly featured in the crossover events The Fall of the Mutants and Inferno. At the conclusion to the Fall of the Mutants storyline, the X-Men sacrifice their lives and die as part of a spell to defeat the Adversary. The X-Men are brought back to life by Roma, and take up residence in the Australian Outback. There, runaway mutant Jubilee saves Wolverine's life from an attack by Lady Deathstrike after he frees himself from crucifixion by the Reavers. She eventually becomes, a surrogate daughter to him. Logan, made introspective by the experience, begins spending more time away from the team, taking up his old wanderings and becoming involved in adventures that do not involve his fellow X-Men. He again visits Madripoor, Hong Kong, and other places of his earlier life, becoming romantically involved with the Madripoorian crime lord Tyger Tiger. During this time Wolverine was again confronted by Cyber. Apocalypse tricks Wolverine into journeying to the Savage Land. While there, Wolverine sleeps with the female chieftain, Gahck, of an indigenous tribe. He discovers an insane robot duplicate of Apocalypse, which he destroys, putting an end to Apocalypse's experiments on the tribe. He unknowingly sires a son with Gahck, whom she names "Erista".
Return to Weapon X
After the X-Men return to America Wolverine then returns to his original costume and begins the long journey of trying to make sense of his past. Wolverine returns to the Weapon X base in Canada. There, he learns many of his memories are implants and his personality becomes much darker. He also fights the robot Shiva for the first time. Wolverine travels back to Japan and reunites with Mariko, though she refuses to rekindle their love until her clan ceases all illegal activities. However, she is soon poisoned by a Yakuza assassin working for Matsu'o Tsurayaba, who bears a grudge against Wolverine. Mariko asks Wolverine to end her life quickly, and he reluctantly complies. This changes Wolverine's character significantly, making him even more disciplined and emotionally distant. Wolverine vows to Matsu'o that on each anniversary of Mariko's death he will visit him and slice off a body part until there is nothing of him left. Shortly after Mariko's death, Wolverine is shocked to learn that Silver Fox is still alive. The two former lovers rejoin their former Team X teammates Sabretooth, Maverick, John Wraith, and Mastodon, with Jubilee and Caroline Hines of the Weapon X Program in tow, in hunting down Aldo Ferro a.k.a "Psi-Borg," a powerful psychic who brainwashed many of them for Weapon X. Ferro kills Hines and then forces Sabretooth to kill Silver Fox before dying himself. Wolverine suffers a mental breakdown after the deaths of Mariko and Silver Fox. Thinking he is on a prior Team X mission to assassinate someone named "Terry Adams", Wolverine breaks into a Russian space program facility and encounters Epsilon Red, a genetically-engineered cosmonaut with powerful psychic abilities. Red, the "Terry Adams" Wolverine is after, breaks down many of the mental blocks in Wolverine's mind in return for help escaping the facility. With this greater knowledge of which memories are true and which are false, Wolverine is finally able to pick up the pieces of his shattered life.
This happiness is short-lived, for at the end of the Fatal Attractions crossover, the adamantium is ripped from Wolverine's skeleton by Magneto. This act injures Wolverine so severely his mutant healing factor burns itself out in order to keep him alive. In fact, most of Wolverine's other natural abilities including his heightened senses, strength, stamina, agility, and reflexes are weakened as well. Unwilling to accept his severely weakened state, Wolverine begins training in the Danger Room. In a fit of rage and frustration, his claws, now bone, extrude. Furthermore, each time he extrudes them, they pierce the skin of his hands and cause severe tissue damage and blood loss. Feeling useless, Logan embarks on a series of solo adventures, leaving a note with Jubilee to explain his views on the matter. During these adventures, he encounters some past enemies, such as the adamantium-skinned Cyber, the Reaver known as Cylla, and the vampiric Bloodscream. Cyber ends up being the first to break Wolverine's newly discovered bone claws. While traveling alone, Wolverine stops for a training session with Generation X and encounters his Weapon X ally Maverick and his X-Men teammate Gambit in Madripoor, before learning Sabretooth is staying at Xavier's. Wolverine returns and defeats Sabretooth in battle while the X-Men are away. The battle ends with Wolverine puncturing Sabretooth's brain, temporarily altering Sabretooth's vicious personality until the injury is fully healed. Later, tests and studies jointly conducted by Professor Charles Xavier, Beast, and Heather Hudson show the mutation endowing Wolverine with his powers is an ongoing process. Unlike most mutants, he continues to mutate slowly over the course of his life. As a result, Wolverine's powers, particularly his heightened senses and accelerated healing, slowly increase. However, after Wolverine's skeleton was bonded with adamantium by the Weapon X Program, this mutation was completely halted. The studies also reveal, aside from suppressing his ongoing mutation, the presence of adamantium also slowed his mutant healing factor. The adamantium laced to his skeleton is treated as a foreign substance by his healing factor, which constantly devotes a great deal of effort attempting to remove the metal, causing him to heal slower from other injuries. After Magneto ripped the adamantium from Wolverine's skeleton, and his body completely healed from the injuries, the mutation resumed, at a greatly accelerated rate. The studies show accelerated mutation has increased his powers beyond any other point in his life. It is also revealed during this time that Wolverine's mutation process will eventually cause him to degenerate physically into a more primitive, bestial state. Some time later, the villain known as Genesis, who is the son of Wolverine's ally Cable, kidnaps Wolverine and attempts to re-bond adamantium to his skeleton in an attempt to transform Wolverine into a Horseman of Apocalypse. The attempt is unsuccessful, and the process pushes Wolverine so far to the edge that he becomes purely feral. Enraged, Wolverine stalks the Dark Riders in their headquarters and eventually kills them all before fleeing. With the help of Elektra and Stick, he is able to regain his humanity and reverse the bulk of his feral regression, though his increased powers remain.
Death: Horseman of Apocalypse
Wolverine lives without adamantium for some time before being kidnapped by the villain Apocalypse. Apocalypse sets up a contest between Wolverine and an adamantium-bonded Sabretooth to determine who would become the new leader of his Four Horsemen. Although he knows winning means being brainwashed and turned against his friends, Wolverine supposes that Sabretooth would enjoy being set loose as a killing machine, while he himself might be able to fight it. Emerging victorious he is made the Horseman Death, and Apocalypse strips the adamantium from Sabretooth and bonds it to Wolverine's skeleton once more. While Wolverine serves Apocalypse as the Horseman Death, a Skrull impostor takes his place on the X-Men. The real Wolverine later kills the Skrull impostor. Wolverine eventually overcomes Apocalypse's conditioning with the help of Jubilee.
Some time later, Wolverine is captured by the Weapon X program, restarted under the leadership of Director Malcolm Colcord, a soldier Wolverine disfigured when he escaped from the original Weapon X facility. It is revealed that the mental implants installed by the original program are still functional, as Colcord uses them to force Wolverine into tracking down and eliminating former members of the program. Wolverine's mental implants are finally destroyed when he assassinates the previous director. Soon after, it is revealed that the "X" in "Weapon X" was a Roman numeral, making Wolverine "Weapon Ten" in a sequence of living super-weapons that began with Captain America and Isaiah Bradley (Black Captain America). The Weapon X program that experimented on Wolverine spun out of a larger "Weapon Plus" program, leading Wolverine to join Cyclops and the mysterious Fantomex, himself Weapon XIII, on a mission to bring down Weapon Plus and discover Wolverine's true identity. During the assault on Weapon Plus, Wolverine kills Weapon XV, also known as Ultimaton. Wolverine then gains access to the Weapon X files that describe his genesis, though this happens largely off-panel and it is not clear to the reader precisely what he learns. What is known is that he was intended to be a living Sentinel and that, to test the extent of his brainwashing, he was forced to exterminate the populace of a small Midwestern town called Roanoke. Wolverine becomes depressed and angry after learning he was created to hunt and exterminate his own people, though Jean Grey is able to convince him that no matter what his makers intended for him, he is still a good man. Shortly thereafter Jean Grey is killed and Wolverine, in a feral rage, slices off the head of her killer, "Magneto".
Enemy of the State/New Avengers
Wolverine is brainwashed into becoming an agent of an alliance between HYDRA and the Hand. While under their control, he kills Northstar. He is eventually rescued by S.H.I.E.L.D. and he uses their resources to exact his revenge. Soon after, Wolverine is recruited by the New Avengers, because he is willing to "cross the lines they refuse to cross". after the events of Avengers Disassembled, Iron Man recognizes the need to have someone who is prepared to kill on the team should something like what happened to the Scarlet Witch occur again. He serves alongside such notable Marvel heroes as Captain America, Iron Man, Spider-Man and Luke Cage.
Post-House of M
At the end of House of M, Wolverine's memories are completely restored. This causes a panic for some of the major powers and governments across the Marvel Universe because of their involvement in Wolverine's past. The United States and Canada purge all records of Wolverine's involvement in anticipation of his revenge. Their fears are proved correct. Wanting to find others' knowledge of a mysterious weapon called the "Muramasa Blade", Wolverine confronts the Silver Samurai, who tells him that he did not escape the Weapon X program alone. Bucky, Captain America's World War II partner, now known as the Winter Soldier, helped him break out. Wolverine travels to Serbia to confront Bucky, who reveals that he murdered Logan's previously unrevealed pregnant wife, Itsu. Wolverine then reflects on his life with Itsu. After completing his training with Ogun, Wolverine was sent to a village where another master, Bando Saburo, taught warriors how to regain their humanity. There, Wolverine met Itsu. They soon married and conceived a child. Saburo's village was surrounded by mountains belonging to the demon swordsmith Muramasa. After Bucky murdered Itsu, Wolverine, believing it was the people of the village who killed her, allied with Muramasa, who made the Muramasa Blade, the only weapon capable of killing Wolverine. After remembering this, Wolverine returns to Muramasa's mountains and reclaims the Muramasa Blade in order to exact vengeance on those who have been manipulating him throughout nearly his entire life. As Wolverine searches for those responsible for all the horrors in his past, Nuke is dispatched to stop him. Wolverine, remembering his role in Nuke's creation, feels responsible for taking him down. In the jungles of South Vietnam, they battle. Captain America joins the fray, as do Cyclops, Emma Frost, and Hellion of the X-Men. Emma Frost tells Wolverine that earlier she had a vision of Daken, Wolverine's previously unrevealed son. Wolverine reasons that Daken is now under the control of the same men who once controlled him. Wolverine gives Cyclops the Muramasa Blade and tells him to kill him with it should he ever come under the control of another again. Wolverine then sets out on an adventure to rescue his son. However, before Wolverine can begin searching for Daken, Nitro murders over 600 Stamford, Connecticut residents, setting off the superhuman Civil War. Wolverine embarks on a mission to bring Nitro to justice, coming up against Namor and a group of his double agents.
After the events of Civil War, Wolverine remains a member of the New Avengers, now underground after the surrender of Captain America and provided with secure accommodations by Doctor Strange. Their objectives are twofold; to save people "the way [they] want to," and to investigate the reason why the world has been turned upside-down recently. After rescuing Echo from Elektra and the Hand, the team discovers that Elektra had been replaced with a Skrull some indeterminate time ago. Wolverine is the first to suspect his teammates in the New Avengers are secretly Skrulls. Doctor Strange later casts a spell revealing that no one on the team is a Skrull. Between missions with the X-Men and the New Avengers, Wolverine battles the Hulk alongside the X-Men, when the Green Goliath wants Professor Xavier. He also searches for his son Daken. He battles Omega Red for possession of the carbonadium synthesizer, reasoning that since carbonadium disables his mutant healing factor, it will enable him to defeat Daken should he ever need to. He first encounters Daken in Berlin where they fight each other, as well as Wolverine's old foe Cyber. Daken manages to escape, though he is punished by his masters for going after his father without their permission. Wolverine then contacts Bucky and gives him three carbonadium bullets for future use. Wolverine takes a brief respite from his mission and visits the Captain America memorial where he reflects on his history with the famed super-soldier. Meanwhile, Wolverine is frequently haunted by dreams of two battling feral armies that he refers to as the Lupines. Wolverine returns to the X-Mansion and immediately renews his rivalry with Sabretooth, which leads to a number of one-on-one confrontations between them. Upon arriving in Wakanda, Wolverine and Sabretooth encounter Storm and her new husband, the Black Panther. While being held captive, Sabretooth is questioned by Wolverine about a being called Romulus, who is a prominent figure in Wolverine's dreams. However, he fearfully refuses to answer any questions regarding him. The Black Panther later reveals a possible connection between Wolverine's dreams and a graveyard filled with the skeletons of humanoid beings with fangs and claws. The Black Panther theorizes that some mutants that have various animal-like powers and physical features evolved from canine ancestry rather than apes. Soon afterward they are joined by Wolfsbane, Feral, Thornn, and Sasquatch at the request of the Black Panther and make their way to the original Weapon X compound in hopes of uncovering some answers. While separated from the group, Sasquatch is attacked and severely injured by Wild Child. Wild Child provides hints to Wolverine that Romulus has always been watching him and that he is responsible for a noticeable upgrade in Wild Child's mutant powers. Sabretooth escapes and, before Wolverine is able to track him down, viciously attacks and kills Feral. Wolverine journeys back to the X-Mansion to ask Cyclops to give him the Muramasa Blade, meaning to put an end to the threat Sabretooth represents, once and for all. Cyclops reluctantly gives Wolverine the sword (on the urging of Emma Frost) and he sets off to track Sabretooth down. Wolverine finds Sabretooth at the cabin that he and Silver Fox once shared, which is the place where Wolverine considers his rivalry with Sabretooth began. Wolverine then decapitates Sabretooth using the Muramasa Blade. Wolverine's next adventure finds him battling a new terrorist organization known as Scimitar. After raiding one of their safehouses, he uncovers a plot to kill Tony Stark and races to S.H.I.E.L.D headquarters aboard the Blackbird. Upon arrival, he soon discovers the entire facility is disguised via an image inducer and is actually another Scimitar base. He is attacked by an unknown assailant wearing an adamantium laced uniform. After killing Amir, Logan's latest romantic interest, the assailant shoves an explosive device down Wolverine's throat and detonates it. Wolverine's body is found later by S.H.I.E.L.D agents, with Tony Stark present. Stark notes that Wolverine's body is fully healed, but he is brain dead; his consciousness didn't regenerate along with his body, as it normally does. Doctor Strange removes Wolverine's body from the S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier and discovers that Wolverine's soul is trapped in Purgatory. While in Purgatory, Wolverine battles Lazaer, the swordsman he first encountered during World War I. The name, Lazaer, is revealed to be an anagram for Azrael, the Angel of Death. While Wolverine's body always fully heals from his injuries, the return of his consciousness to his body depends upon the outcome of these battles with Lazaer. After losing another loved one, Wolverine's will to survive fades. Azrael is able to defeat him and Wolverine's soul is sent onto some semblance of the afterlife. With Dr. Strange's help, Wolverine discovers that his will to survive has slowly fading ever since he was killed and resurrected by the Hand and HYDRA. After making this discovery, Wolverine is returned to life. Alive, he now searches for a woman named Phaedra who was present at his transformation by the Hand and HYDRA. When he finds her, he is shocked to learn that she has been working for a resurrected Shingen Yashida, whom Wolverine killed long ago. Shingen and Wolverine do battle once again in the presence of Phaedra, and Wolverine comes out the victor using the same move he used to kill Shingen before. He then converses with Phaedra as to why this woman has it out with him. It is then revealed that Azrael has been working with Phaedra as well, as Wolverine is brought into conflict with both Azrael and Shogun, the man in the adamantium-laced suit that killed Amir. It is then revealed that Phaedra has a little bit of Azrael's power within her, and in the effort of getting it back, Azrael has put himself closer to her. With that, Wolverine offers to kill Phaedra for the restoration of his soul frees Azrael's uneasiness by killing Phaedra. By killing Phaedra, Wolverine accepts that he ends the arrangement with Azrael. As a result, if Wolverine dies again, it's permanent. Azrael also informs him that he can't promise that his healing factor will remain as strong as it has been. Wolverine accepts this and leaves, stating that he has no intention of dying.
Wolverine is part of the X-Men team that investigates the detection of a new mutant born in Alaska. Believing that Mr. Sinister and his allies have Hope the child, Wolverine, Storm, Angel, Nightcrawler, and Colossus search for Sinister's base. Wolverine's team confronts Sinister and the Marauders at Sinister's base, where a battle breaks out. During the fight Wolverine confronts Gambit and stabs him through the abdomen. He then questions his former teammate and learns that it is in fact Cable who has the mutant baby. Later in the arc, Cyclops orders Wolverine to assemble the X-Force (a team consisting of Wolverine, X-23, Wolfsbane, Warpath, and Caliban, later joined by Domino, Elixir, Archangel and Vanisher) to hunt down Cable and retrieve the new mutant baby by any means necessary. Tracking Cable to Canada, X-Force finds Cable already in battle with the Purifiers, led by Lady Deathstrike. Wolverine leads his X-Force into the battle and leaves his personal history with Deathstrike aside and allows X-23 to battle her so he can capture Cable. As Wolverine, Caliban and Warpath chase after the fleeing Cable, Caliban throws himself before a bullet meant for Warpath. Cable uses the confusion to double-back on the team and steal their Blackbird jet and escape. Wolverine blames himself for Cable escaping. Later on, the X-Force attack the Marauders, however, the X-Men arrive, and in the ensuing battle, Wolverine destroys Predator X by letting him swallow him, and slashing his way out of the Predator's stomach.
Mystique is the focus of the next Wolverine story arc, appropriately titled "Get Mystique." The story begins with a brief flashback revealing that Logan and Mystique first met in Mexico in 1921. Back in the present day, Wolverine is in the Middle East tracking Mystique, presumably to kill her for betraying the X-Men in Messiah Complex. Mystique evades Logan by blowing up a Mosque in Tehran, and then travels over the border to Afghanistan. There she impersonates Wolverine and kills a local village girl, tricking the villagers into going after Wolverine. Mystique does not appear to be suffering from any lasting effects from being touched by Rogue. It is hinted at that Mystique's recent betrayal is not the only reason Logan is out to kill her, as they apparently have a common history of friendship, love, and ultimately, betrayal. After a heated fight Wolverine manages to fatally wound Mystique, but he chooses to deny her the mercy blow. Instead, he drops a gun and leaves in the sunset, leaving Mystique to scream and curse behind him.
Wolverine was with the New Avengers when they went to the Savage Land to investigate a downed Skrull ship. When the ship is opened by Luke Cage, out comes superheroes in their 70's looks that claimed they had made it back to Earth. One of them was Wolverine who asks both the Mighty Avengers and New Avengers who they are. After an ensuing fight, the Wolverine from the ship disappears into the jungle. The New Avengers Wolverine later caught up with Iron Man and Black Widow and is shot. But he survives with hints that he is not a Skrull. During the battle of New York, Wolverine engages in combat with Veranke, who burns off portions of his skin. He retaliates, stabbing her through the shoulder with his claws. Just as he gains the clear upper hand Hawkeye injures Veranke with an arrow, ending the brawl. After the death of the Wasp, Wolverine attempts to finish off Veranke, but is beat to the punch by from Norman Osborn, setting him up for his position in Dark Reign.
Emma Frost discovered and told Wolverine that the child he had conceived with Itsu was actually alive. His son, Daken was trained by Cyber. Logan teamed up with Deadpool to find his son, who had many similarities to his father such as aspects of his personality, abilities, and powers. Daken nearly killed Deadpool but was shot by his father with a bullet made of Carbondanium. He told him who was responsible for his mother's death and about his past. Daken sought revenge on his former master, as he killed Cyber and left his dead body for his dad. Logan realized that Daken had been made into a living weapon by the villain Romulus, the man behind his own brainwashing. Wolverine then made it his mission to rescue Daken and stop Romulus from manipulating or harming anyone again.
A new X-Force consisting of Wolverine as team leader, Warpath, Wolfsbane and X-23 was born to take care of the dirty business the rest of the X-Men wouldn't do normally, including murder. Their first mission involved infiltrating a North Dakota SHIELD facility to route out a group of Purifiers who had infiltrated the base and stolen valuable technology required to resurrect the Sentinel known as Bastion. In the planned raid Wolfsbane and X-23 disobeyed Wolverine's orders and entered ahead of the team and got Wolfsbane captured. Wolfsbane was later rescued but suffered from a seizure.
Weapon X Returns
Logan's former black-ops teammate, Maverick, contacted Logan to inform him that a private military contractor called Blackguard had got their hands on the old Weapon X files, including the recipe for synthesizing Adamantium, and created a group of twelve mercenaries called Strikeforce X, an elite unite of men armed with healing factors, unbreakable skeletons and laser claws. Not only that, but they were being used to carry out atrocities in the name of Blackguard's corporate interests. With the help of reporter Melita Garner, Logan was able to expose Blackguard to the world and kill most of Strikeforce X, but the Chief Executive managed to survive. What Logan doesn't know is that Maverick was the man who stole the Weapon X files and sold them on the black market. In an effort to cover up his involvement in Kick-starting the Strikeforce X program from Wolverine, Maverick killed the man whom he sold the files to.
Uncanny X-ForceJean Grey School of Higher Learning and the primary team of Avengers. Wolverine did so to go undercover, working for a man known as Offer, leading the latter's team of mercenaries, in doing so, he planned to use Offer's connections to Sabretooth to find him and kill him once and for all. To complement for his lack of healing factor, Wolverine began using a black and yellow armored suit.
Wolverine is a gruff warrior-poet and has a strong sense of personal honor. Logan has been portrayed in many comics as very hairy on his arms and chest.
In the scope of his battle uniform, the immensely complex character of Wolverine has clearly been expressed by a bulking wardrobe that spans a variety of styles. From utilitatirian designs and seemingly simple street clothes to flashy or down right wild costumes, Wolverine has taken on many forms since 1974.
Not to be confused with his other names - Weapon X, Weapon Omega, Patch, James Howlett, Old Man Logan or Death - Wolverine's costume changed over 20 times in the last four decades. With memorable looks like the Classic Yellow (1975), Fang (1977), Brown (1980) and Bone Claws (1994) coming to mind, fans often forget (or choose to forget) the Noseless era (1996) in the scope of Wolverine's costume progression.
Regardless of what Wolverine wears, in the heat of battle this warrior-poet maintains a top status among the deadliest elite of the superhero and mutant community.
Powers and Abilities
- Regenerative Healing Factor: Wolverine's primary mutant power is an accelerated healing process that enables him to regenerate damaged or destroyed tissue with far greater efficiency than an ordinary human. Wolverine's accelerated healing powers have been commonly referred to as his mutant healing factor. The full extent and speed of Wolverine's healing factor isn't known. He has been shown to fully heal from numerous gunshot wounds, severe burns covering most of his body, and regenerate missing eyes within a matter of seconds. Among the more extreme depictions of his accelerated healing factor involves him having his skin, muscles, and internal organs incinerated from his skeleton only to fully regenerate the tissue within minutes. Adamantium plays a crucial role in the speed of Wolverine's healing as well because of the fact that it produces a substance that his immune system fights off regularly. It is said that without the Adamantium his healing rate increases.This power even amends psychological wounds inflicted as a result of traumatic experiences. However, Wolverine's healing powers force his mind to suppress the memories, sometimes resulting in amnesia.
- Foreign Body Immunity: Wolverine's natural healing also affords him the virtual immunity to poisons and most drugs, except in massive doses. For example, it is extremely difficult for him to become intoxicated from alcohol. His immune system, which is part of his accelerated healing factor, renders him immune against most known Earthly diseases and infections (with the exception of the mutant plague).
- Immortality: Has he regenarete his immortal.
- Superhumanly Acute Senses: Wolverine possesses superhumanly acute senses that are comparable to those of certain animals. He can see at far greater distances, with perfect clarity, than an ordinary human. He retains this same level of clarity even in near total darkness. His hearing is enhanced in a similar manner, allowing him to detect sounds ordinary humans can't or to hear at much greater distances. He is able to recognize people and objects by scent, even if they are well hidden. He can track a target by scent, even if the scent has been greatly eroded by time and weather factors, with an extraordinary degree of success. Wolverine can also use his keen sense of smell to detect lies due to chemical changes within a person's scent. These senses stem from, at least partially, his constant cellular regeneration, as are his enhanced physical capabilities.
- Superhuman Strength: Wolverine's Mutant Healing Factor enables him to push his muscles beyond the natural limits of the human body without injury, granting him some degree of superhuman strength. His natural strength is augmented by the demand placed on his musculature due to the presence of over 100 pounds of Adamantium bonded to his skeleton, which also removes the natural limitations of the human skeletal structure by allowing him to lift weights that would damage a human skeleton. Wolverine has been depicted with sufficient strength to break steel chains and he supports the weight of a dozen men with one arm. Wolverine's strength is enough to allow him to press somewhere in excess of 800 lbs but no more than 2 tons.
- Superhuman Stamina: Wolverine's mutant healing factor grants him high immunity against lactic acid and other fatigue toxins generated by his muscles during physical activity. Wolverine can sustain himself at peak capacity for several days. Wolverine has shown himself capable of fighting Omega Red for over 18 hours, despite regular exposure to Omega Red's death spores.
- Superhuman Agility: Wolverine's agility, balance and bodily coordination are enhanced to levels beyond the natural physical limits and capabilities of the finest human specimen. Wolverine's agility is sufficient to allow him to dodge Cyclops' optic blasts at near point blank range. Other times able to jump extremely high and evade several yards.
- Superhuman Reflexes: Wolverine's reflexes are similarly enhanced and are superior to those possessed by the finest human specimen.
- Insulated Weather Adaptation: Wolverine's body is highly resistant to certain elemental extremes, particularly cold, to the extent that he can sleep nude in subarctic conditions with no apparent injury
- Bone Claws: Wolverine's skeleton includes six retractable one-foot-long bone claws, three in each arm, that are housed beneath the skin and muscle of his forearms. Wolverine can, at will, release these slightly curved claws through his skin beneath the knuckles on each hand. The skin between the knuckles tears and bleeds, but the blood loss is quickly halted by his Healing Factor. Wolverine can unsheathe any number of his claws at once, although he must keep his wrists straight at the moment his claws pass from his forearms into his hands. When unleashed, the claws are entirely within his hands, allowing him to bend his wrists when they are extended. The claws are made of bone, unlike the claws of normal mammals which are made of keratin, and were originally believed to be artificial Adamantium implants. The bone claws are sharp and dense enough to slice through substances as durable as most metals, wood, and stone.
- Adamantium Claws: These claws are silver, shiny, and they are made of the Metal (Adamantium) which makes them virtually indestructible.They are Razor-Sharp and eventually replace his Bone Claws and have most, if not all, of their characteristics.
- Psionic Resistance: Wolverine reveals that his mind is now highly resistant to telepathic probing and assault due to high level psionic shields implanted in his mind by Professor Charles Xavier.
Master Tactician: Though seemingly brutish, Wolverine is highly intelligent. When Forge monitored Wolverine's vitals during a Danger Room training session, he reported Logan's physical and mental state as "equivalent to an Olympic-level gymnast performing a Gold-medal-winning routine while simultaneously beating four chess computers in his head", which gives something of an idea of the level of sophistication and tactical processing Logan is capable of utilizing while in combat. He remembers Ogun teaching him Sun Tzu's The Art of War.
Master Martial Artist: Wolverine is a fierce hand-to-hand combatant, and, alongside Iron Fist, Black Panther, Captain America and Taskmaster, is considered one of the finest combatants on Earth. Due to his extensive training as a soldier, a C.I.A. operative, a samurai, a spy, and a member of the X-Men, Wolverine is an exceptional hand-to-hand combatant, having mastered virtually every fighting style on Earth and is also well versed in both human and alien pressure points and in the art of espionage. He studied the samurai arts from a man who met the famed 17th century samurai Miyamoto Musashi, Ogun. Wolverine has also stated that he knows some Shi'ar fighting styles.
Advanced Covert Ops Expert: Due to his experience traveling the world and working for various government agencies, Wolverine is also a trained expert in multiple types of weapons, vehicles, computer systems, explosives, and assassination techniques.
Skilled Mechanic: Along with Nightcrawler, Wolverine has also been the mechanic of the X-Men's Blackbird jet for a long time.
Master Electrician: In Training. Has been known to install his "circuitry" all over the place.
Musician: Plays bass guitar in a Toto cover band.
Aspiring Actor: Attended a few drama classes, He took 4 college credits at the local community college but failed.
Antics and Shenanigans: Has been known to say such things like "Hard Up" & "Bub" quite often..
Multi-lingual: A polyglot; Wolverine is fluent in many languages including English, Japanese, Russian, Chinese, Cheyenne, Lakota, and Spanish; he has some knowledge of French, German, Thai, Vietnamese, and Portuguese. Ogun taught him Japanese ideograms.
With his increased lifespan and journeys across the globe, he has been able to amass an intimate knowledge of many foreign customs and cultures. Once he saw a kabuki play of The 47 Ronin (Genroku Chūshingura) and remarked how it was one of the finest kabuki troupes he had seen. His exploits have further endowed him with vast awareness of literature and philosophy.
- Muramasa Blade: Wolverine's only specific vulnerability known to date. Created by having his soul infused into the katana, the efficiency of his mutant healing factor is decreased dramatically if he sustains injury from the Muramasa Blade. Wolverine has been wounded once with the blade, though the injury was very minor, it did not heal completely for several days.
- Carbonadium Digestion: Wolverine's healing factor is also affected, though to a far less degree, if he ingests Carbonadium.
- Wolverine's only other "weakness" is the fact that his heightened senses can be taken advantage of. For instance, when he was fighting the Hulk, he was nearly killed by the Hulk's sonic claps due to his heightened sense of hearing.
- Decapitation/Severe Spinal Damage: Professor X once stated that Wolverine could be killed if his head becomes separated from his body, causing his brain the inability to send signals to the section(s) of his body that needs healing. But because of the addition of his Adamantium-laced skeleton, the idea seems very unlikely.
- Adamantium Poisoning: Adamantium has proven to secrete poison which stunts Wolverine's healing factor and feral rage by a very small degree. Even though he has it laced throughout his entire body it has not made a significant change in his abilities.
- Adamantium Allotropes: Adamantium has thirteen different allotropes (variants) that are very unstable compared to Adamantium because of their different molecular configurations and thus physical properties. Some have caused Wolverine to become dizzy or weak just by being in close contact with these Adamantium specimens.
As Death, Logan was given an armor to wear and conceal his true identity. Normally he wears a standard X-Men uniform or street clothes. His gloves often have grooves in the forearm so they do not tear when he unsheathes his claws.
- Adamantium Laced Skeleton: Not part of Wolverine's natural mutant attributes, Wolverine's entire skeleton, including his bone claws, is laced with the rare, artificial, and virtually indestructible alloy known as True Adamantium. As a result, Wolverine's bones are virtually unbreakable. The presence of the Adamantium has further enhanced the already razor sharp edge of Wolverine's bone claws. Aside from being practically indestructible, the claws are capable of cutting any solid material, with the known exception of True Adamantium and Proto-Adamantium (Captain America's shield). However, Wolverine's ability to slice completely through a substance depends upon the thickness of the substance and the amount of force he can exert. The Adamantium also weights his blows, dramatically increasing the effectiveness of his punches and kicks.
- Adamantium Beta: The only known occurrence of Adamantium Beta was during the Weapon X Project. By the second part of the procedure when they laced his bones with Adamantium there was a reaction with his healing factor that bonded metal and bone. As a result the Adamantium "heals" just as his bones do.
Wolverine commonly uses a motorcycle or his jeep when he is acting as a solo agent. He has access to the X-Men Blackbird whilst with the team.
Throughout his life, Wolverine has used a variety of bladed weapons, most frequently daggers and, at times, swords; as a samurai, he is especially skilled with the katana. He has also wielded many different types of firearms throughout his careers as a soldier, a mercenary, and a spy. While he is highly skilled with firearms, he has stated on multiple occasions that he isn't fond of them and prefers to use bladed weapons. He has been shortly carrying the Muramasa, but, in Wolverine: Origins #4, he passed it to Cyclops, so he could use it against him, should there be no other way of stopping Logan.
Age of Ultron
In the Ultimate universe, Wolverine is also a mutant, but as all mutants in his world, he was engineered as such and not born with an X-Gene like mutants in the mainstream continuity.
Cinematic Universe Wolverine is portrayed by Hugh Jackman in the live-action cinematic version of the character. He has appeared in every film of the franchise.
Wolverine 2013 Marvel Legends
Wolverine's Love interest
- Jean Grey
- Silver Fox
- Black Widow
- In the 2007 Transformers movie, a scratched wall makes Robert Epps (Tyrese Gibson) say; "What's that? Freddy Kruger been up in her or something?" Then, Glen Whitmann (Anthony Anderson), said: "Oh, no, man. Freddy Kruger has four blades, man. That's only three! That's Wolverine!" Wolverine would later interact with Transformers in New Avengers Transformers 1.
- Work in adamantim bonding was also done by American scientist Dr. Ronald Rankin, whose son Calvin would, years later, develop superhuman powers and become known as the Mimic. Whether or not Rankin was directly involved in the experiment upon Logan is unknown. Years later, upon being confronted by his fellow X-Man Archangel after the latter has been surgically altered by the immortal mutant Apocalypse, Logan will sense something "familiar---pain" in Archangel's scent, suggesting that technology created by Apocalypse was also involved in Logan's own transformation; curiously, Logan sensed no such familiarity when visiting a lair of Apocalypse himself, and a later allegation that Apocalypse was directly responsible for Wolverine's transformation appears to be misinformation. At this time the Weapon X Program is supposedly a joint US/Canadian operation, although some evidence indicates that it is being manipulated by an outside source, apparently the same individual who chose Logan as a subject.
- Wolverine's name was originally supposed to be 'The Badger'.
- Wolverine was originally intended to be a real wolverine, artificially evolved by the High Evolutionary. However, in 1976, Marvel rushed the character Spider-Woman into publication, and unable to come up with an origin in such a short time, used the origin they'd put aside for Wolverine (with the animal changed to a spider, obviously). This left Wolverine without an origin story for a number of years.
- It was later stated that it was never intended for him to a mutated wolverine as that idea was considered "stupid" by the writers.
- Wolverine was intended to be a teenager by co-creator Len Wein but that idea was dropped.
- It was originally intended for Wolverine's Adamantium claws to be part of his gloves rather than part of his body. During his first full appearance in Incredible Hulk #181, the claws were shown as flat, straight, double-edged blades that were never extracted or retracted. This idea was changed by Chris Claremont because he felt that by not having the claws as part of his anatomy, then anyone could be Wolverine by simply putting on the gloves.
- During Wolverine's first appearance, in Incredible Hulk vol. 1 #181, Wolverine's height it said to be 5'5." Wolverine's height is later retconned to 5'3" in his first writeup in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 1 #13.
- Wolverine made a cameo appearance in the pages of DC's JLA #1. In the scene, Wolverine and Doctor Doom are executed by a super-villain team known as the Hyperclan. Click here to see the image.
- In the 1994 video game Wolverine: Adamantium Rage, Wolverine's height is incorrectly listed at 5'7" in a brief character bio the game provides for the primary characters.
- A version of Wolverine appears in every X-Men Cartoon and Video Game ever made.
- Marvel had a large number of fans in Canada and thought it would be a smart decision to create the first Canadian hero for Marvel. Thus the basis for Wolverine was created.
- Wolverine was revealed to be interested in singing in an America's got talent related issue.